Why Robots That Bend Are Better

18.02.2021
2 250 542 Näkymät

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

Kommentteja
  • Hello sir.. Can you make video on why planets revolve in elliptical orbit (considering general relativity)

    Sukshith S. M.Sukshith S. M.27 minuuttia sitten
  • From what I know, nothing of any use has been produced by soft robotics research for as long as people have been working on them. They're just useless university projects that go nowhere, just like those absolutely useless self-assembling cube robots that can do jack all. After the last Asimo, Boston Dynamics Atlus is the biggest advancemt we've made in the feild of robotics in the last 30 years.

    Luqmaan RashidLuqmaan Rashid56 minuuttia sitten
  • Bravo et merci

    Solutions & DébrouilleSolutions & DébrouilleTunti sitten
  • 0:08 Prototype of a freaking 'A.T.A.T.'

    bouytt guytbouytt guyt4 tuntia sitten
  • There is absolutely no point in trying. To stop this technology it is inevitable. The end of mankind by robotics is inevitable. Not in our lifetime or our children... But its 100% guaranteed

    Maxwell BacaMaxwell Baca4 tuntia sitten
  • I love that this video showed up in my recs after a long string of Combat robotics videos xD

    Leviathan's IrisLeviathan's Iris5 tuntia sitten
  • I don't think they'll ever be more capable than hard, rigid robots. I think hard robots will just get smarter A.I. and more joints and rotation points, thereby giving them a wider range of applications they can handle and being better at not hurting humans. Maybe some specific situations where they have to directly deal with people, but I think advanced A.I. and maybe a squishy shell applied to a hard robot would more than make up for that.

    Melon CollieMelon Collie5 tuntia sitten
    • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

      bouytt guytbouytt guyt4 tuntia sitten
  • i like this style of video a lot more. not that design-by-committee network tv video like last time. small robot! soft submarines my g

    commenty commentercommenty commenter5 tuntia sitten
  • The needless money happily play because sunflower inspiringly fax apropos a tan peripheral. wary, adjoining sailor

    Zizi GurraZizi Gurra6 tuntia sitten
  • Yo

    Alex BoiAlex Boi6 tuntia sitten
  • It's just dawned on me you could tell people you're Elon Musk with that mask on

    Bill StickersBill Stickers7 tuntia sitten
    • yeah except elon is not a genius, he's just a rich guy who owns the work of a bunch of scientists

      commenty commentercommenty commenter5 tuntia sitten
  • How about making a video on air pressure? specifically testing if higher air pressure stops projectiles, what pressure humans could fly at without any power assistance if it makes a difference, and see if higher pressure would reduce terminal velocity so humans could survive any drop. Im interested for video game purposes rather than wanting humans injured lol.

    Captain HamburgersCaptain Hamburgers9 tuntia sitten
  • what if u make the tubes out of sponge or permanent soft material?

    Nova SamaNova Sama10 tuntia sitten
  • Kiełbasa xD

    Marcin GeborskiMarcin Geborski11 tuntia sitten
  • I am satisfied with my care

    alex mejiaalex mejia11 tuntia sitten
  • Seth Rogan as a Robotics Major

    Evan DonaldsonEvan Donaldson12 tuntia sitten
  • I don´t find any of the Boston Dynamics robots creepy or terrifying, by the contrary I find them really astonishing, epic and gives me hope for a better future. All those comments about creppyness are the actual creepy stuf about human intelligence imo, also cringy and repetitive.

    Drawerick 92Drawerick 9214 tuntia sitten
  • what a loser

    XVHK GreenXVHK Green14 tuntia sitten
  • Does it blend

    Jay TeeJay Tee14 tuntia sitten
  • *Many robots (including soft robots) are programmed for locomotion and other forms of motor control based upon the wiring principles of central pattern generators* (CPGs)-neural circuits that produce a wide frequency range of oscillatory rhythmic outputs even in the absence of sensory feedback-that have been adapted by evolution over hundreds of millions of years across the animal kingdom for axial, quadrupedal, and bipedal locomotion, as well as many other peculiar forms of locomotion, including rolling locomotion akin to that of the robot showcased in this video here. After several months of preparation, I'll soon be posting vids from my perspective as a Harvard neurobiologist and scientific editor/consultant. Cheers.

    Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.15 tuntia sitten
    • Fascinating my guy. Subbed!

      Mopandi BlooperbuttMopandi Blooperbutt15 tuntia sitten
  • After seeing this I could remember the robot in the interstellar movie. That was a great robot really. Change my entire visualisation of a robot.

    Akshay PandeyAkshay Pandey15 tuntia sitten
  • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

    EnderGamerXPEnderGamerXP16 tuntia sitten
  • 6:09 In inches? Ew. This is a joke.

    Talal AlqarniTalal Alqarni17 tuntia sitten
  • next title: why female robots that bend are better

    unconscious 7xunconscious 7x17 tuntia sitten
  • The dry pull lilly mix because tempo orly moan out a makeshift customer. chivalrous, humorous jump

    alexander jimenezalexander jimenez17 tuntia sitten
  • *Just built different*

    Naved HasanNaved Hasan19 tuntia sitten
  • Reminds me of the IROBOT chembot

    Paul GaryPaul Gary20 tuntia sitten
  • these bots are built different

    HugoHugo21 tunti sitten
  • That background noise is his beard scratching isn’t it?

    spideral187spideral18722 tuntia sitten
  • Maaannnnn....... I love this guy

    Radhey MishraRadhey MishraPäivä sitten
  • I suppose you could call them... Bender robots

    PixelDoughPixelDoughPäivä sitten
  • Solution looking for a problem

    B TB TPäivä sitten
  • how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air

    Dick CheeseDick CheesePäivä sitten
    • Air is inside the tubes, not outside. Compressed air cans and closed loops

      mortaché de muertemortaché de muerte20 tuntia sitten
  • it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.

    Doesn't MatterDoesn't MatterPäivä sitten
  • Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"

    P-ARTP-ARTPäivä sitten
  • Pretty much y'all are gay

    Dismantle HAARPDismantle HAARPPäivä sitten
  • I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.

    sehhi vootysehhi vootyPäivä sitten
  • How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯

    Dustin OlsenDustin OlsenPäivä sitten
  • just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz

    Roger McCartyRoger McCartyPäivä sitten
    • Let's think this through, Rog. Body shaped balloon is a great framework. Imagine compliant 'muscle' tubing on the underside of the skin. The pneumatic driver could be in the hip area, and processing in the head. Assuming you could maintain air pressure effectively with a strong fabric and expandable lining, that doesn't seem like an impossible task.

      FetalKnievelFetalKnievel10 tuntia sitten
    • nvm that wouldent work idk

      Roger McCartyRoger McCartyPäivä sitten
  • Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!

    INFOCUS MediaINFOCUS MediaPäivä sitten
    • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

      sehhi vootysehhi vootyPäivä sitten
  • All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)

    Richard KeyRichard KeyPäivä sitten
  • But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.

    EE EhrenbergEE EhrenbergPäivä sitten
  • So its soft, and can change shape....great?

    Durpswag Jr.Durpswag Jr.Päivä sitten
  • "Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁

    aboodi the destroyeraboodi the destroyerPäivä sitten
  • This is baymax's great grandad

    Cian Mac phaidinCian Mac phaidinPäivä sitten
  • Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.

    ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψPäivä sitten
  • Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez

    Ben DoverBen DoverPäivä sitten
  • bender agrees

    Raf TaktRaf TaktPäivä sitten
  • Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.

    Erik LakenErik LakenPäivä sitten
  • The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch

    Yundt RosamondYundt RosamondPäivä sitten
  • Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.

    Erik LakenErik LakenPäivä sitten
  • This is awkward

    Zach HammondZach HammondPäivä sitten
  • Its like the strandbeests

    XENO VADERXENO VADERPäivä sitten
  • there's no air in space

    tomey tomeytomey tomeyPäivä sitten
  • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

    J VillainJ VillainPäivä sitten
  • "Why Rockets that Bend are Better"

    Onin D.Onin D.Päivä sitten
  • These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy

    Your Slavic FriendYour Slavic FriendPäivä sitten
  • 8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.

    Sameer TariqSameer TariqPäivä sitten
    • Nevermind he mentioned it lol.

      Sameer TariqSameer TariqPäivä sitten
  • only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides

    BoisqBoisqPäivä sitten
  • FROM YOUR GRAVITY VIDEO EVERYTHING ACCELERATES UPWARDS THEN IN THE CASE OF NEWTON AND APPLE INITIALLY THE APPLE AND NEWTON WERE ACCELERATING UPWARDS AT THE SAME RATE THEN IT GETS RELEASED FROM THE TREE AND HITS NEWTON. BUT HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN IF THEY BOTH WERE ACCELERATING AT THE SAME RATE?

    SAGAR KUMAR BISWASSAGAR KUMAR BISWASPäivä sitten
    • The apple was attached to the tree by its stem while accelerating. The stem broke from this force and stopped accelerated while everyone around it (including Newton) continued to accelerate.

      Cam SCam SPäivä sitten
  • no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all

    Mauricio Tejeda DavilaMauricio Tejeda DavilaPäivä sitten
  • >its soft, so its safe around humans ...

    PETARDAwNABIALPETARDAwNABIALPäivä sitten
  • kielbasa :D

    Piotr BiesekPiotr BiesekPäivä sitten
  • good video

    kenh tong hopkenh tong hopPäivä sitten
  • Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.

    Muhammadim Yusoff JamaluddinMuhammadim Yusoff JamaluddinPäivä sitten
  • i preffer my robot stiff

    Miguel Antonio BuenaventuraMiguel Antonio BuenaventuraPäivä sitten
  • We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

    bodoti qwiubodoti qwiuPäivä sitten
    • Nice stats

      Secret NinjaSecret NinjaPäivä sitten
  • Baymax is my favorite soft robot

    Skylark LandingSkylark LandingPäivä sitten
  • half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!

    Travis DarkTravis DarkPäivä sitten
  • Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***

    Lord Habitaxe of PrydoniaLord Habitaxe of PrydoniaPäivä sitten
    • nice pfp 👍

      Nit3mare_btwNit3mare_btwPäivä sitten
  • TRY TO VISIT BOSTON DYNAMICS AND EXPLORE THE THINGS THERE WHAT ACTUALLY THEY ARE DOING IN MAKING INCREDIBLE ROBOTS

    Ramesh LamichhaneRamesh LamichhanePäivä sitten
    • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

      bodoti qwiubodoti qwiuPäivä sitten
  • TARS? is that you?

    Imroz TowhidImroz TowhidPäivä sitten
  • Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

    Bartek SBartek SPäivä sitten
  • Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

    MR.terra69MR.terra69Päivä sitten
  • The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

    hivek mosathivek mosatPäivä sitten
  • Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    jwpx11jwpx112 päivää sitten
    • Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime

      jwpx11jwpx11Päivä sitten
    • lol what? hahahhaha

      Christian NievesChristian Nieves2 päivää sitten
  • I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

    mind.hacker999mind.hacker9992 päivää sitten
  • Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

    Carlo052 GCarlo052 G2 päivää sitten
  • Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

    CrazyNoodlesCrazyNoodles2 päivää sitten
  • Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

    Reanetse MolelekiReanetse Moleleki2 päivää sitten
  • It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, Fluffy2 päivää sitten
  • just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself

    nigel_bdnigel_bd2 päivää sitten
  • the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe

    embRellish eembRellish e2 päivää sitten
  • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

    DarkDark2 päivää sitten
    • @Kevin what?

      YouTube Dark ModeYouTube Dark Mode12 tuntia sitten
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Dave D'souzaDave D'souzaPäivä sitten
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Любослав НиколовЛюбослав НиколовPäivä sitten
    • I’m here before this gets 100 likes

      Nevaehs PetsNevaehs Pets2 päivää sitten
    • Okay Nerd 💀😆

      KevinKevin2 päivää sitten
  • nice stuff!

    Vicente EsnaolaVicente Esnaola2 päivää sitten
  • Bender: Shut up baby I know it!

    Blitz The FoxBlitz The Fox2 päivää sitten
  • looks pretty useless at that dev. level.

    Klaus HippKlaus Hipp2 päivää sitten
  • I see BIG HERO in the future

    ki koyki koy2 päivää sitten
  • Soft robots yeah

    Dipesh SatrangeDipesh Satrange2 päivää sitten
  • Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.

    Mark VrankovichMark Vrankovich2 päivää sitten
  • Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?

    Mat BlazMat Blaz2 päivää sitten
  • Is there a video of that tour/visit to Kiwi Co? I'm fascinated by their work and would love to see more from that teaser.

    Fernando ToledoFernando Toledo2 päivää sitten
  • F...ng masks on your faces...?!?!?!?!??! REALLY?!?!?!?!?!

    TheTRUwinsTheTRUwins2 päivää sitten
  • problem is we cant make a soft robot that is actually strong. so why dont we just build normal machines, that dont crush people?

    PowerDust015 lastnamePowerDust015 lastname2 päivää sitten
    • but it can pick up basketballs! How many basketballs are on mars though...

      Daniel KintighDaniel Kintigh2 päivää sitten
  • Hey Derek, how about the explanation of the " Center of the Universe " on Tulsa, Oklahoma ?? It's fascinatingly mysterious

    Monkey D. LuffyMonkey D. Luffy2 päivää sitten
  • kiełbasa ❤

    ThiSISAlivE DeatHThiSISAlivE DeatH2 päivää sitten
  • Do they work at the bottom of the sea

    Anupam Datta SarkarAnupam Datta Sarkar2 päivää sitten
  • Seems like they are pretty worthless because they have no inherent strength to complete tasks except perhaps to entertain children or to carry cameras on the meatal joints.

    NecromancerNecromancer2 päivää sitten
  • Hi, Derek. I want to watch your documentaries but don't know how to download them, can you help me?

    Techno manTechno man2 päivää sitten
  • Hey Derek, here's a video suggestion. How much does the 'Path of least resistance dictate your life?' Everything from putting a dirty plate into the sink less full to selecting the lane with the least amount of cars at a red light. Love the work you do! Thanks.

    cho202cho2022 päivää sitten
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