Third Century Crisis - The Tetrarchy - Extra History - #4

286 914 Näkymät

Thanks to our Patrons for selecting this topic! Want to choose what subject we cover next? Join us on Patreon and vote on topics for EH!
The Third Century Crisis becomes manageable under Diocletian, but the emperor still faces many problems, and not all of them as exciting as assassination. The rampant devaluing of currency and lack of formal tax system makes it very difficult for the state to accumulate wealth. So Diolcletian will overhaul the tax system and that will become his most long-lasting achievement. But his more famous invention is the tetrarcy, Rome's imperial boy band who will work to stabilize the massive empire.
Check out all our shows at
Follow us on Instagram:
Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store!
Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday!
Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations:

Contribute community subtitles to Extra History:
Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz):
Follow us on Facebook:
Watch us play games and have fun on
♪ Get the intro music here!
*Music by Demetori:
♪ Outro music: "Hold the Phalanx!" by Tiffany Roman

  • Peace is boring, chaos is..... interesting

    Jacob NoelleJacob NoellePäivä sitten
  • DVX rhymes with looks CÆSAR! NOT cease are

    Christopher EllisChristopher Ellis14 päivää sitten
  • But you Diocletian you’ll be fighting many battles in your whole lifetime - Diocletian’s predecessors

    Marlo York RodriguezMarlo York Rodriguez22 päivää sitten
  • Ceasar is spelled Caesar

    Le MiLe Mi25 päivää sitten
  • Administration and tax reform are among the most interesting things in history to me.

    S3thc0nS3thc0nUukausi sitten
  • Only Extra History can make the pandemic seem like a story like that.

    Captain JotunheimCaptain JotunheimUukausi sitten
  • why does this have dislikes this is an animation about history

    MarveyzingMarveyzingUukausi sitten
  • "Maximum Prices on 100 products didn't work cause there wasn't an understanding of basic economics"- *Cries in argentina*

    Daniel SerebreDaniel SerebreUukausi sitten
  • 0:15 is missing something... Maybe a thermometer or face shield?

    Joyann HuaJoyann HuaUukausi sitten
  • eng subs pls

    WsUWsU2 kuukautta sitten
  • Administration and tax reform are far sexier than assassination and civil war

    Will TiptonWill Tipton2 kuukautta sitten
  • 7:39 did you really just misspell 'Caesar'? how long have you been doing this again???

    Jarrad ScarboroughJarrad Scarborough2 kuukautta sitten
  • pretty much a long lasting crises...

    Chadx MChadx M2 kuukautta sitten
  • It's The Roman Empire's version of the great depression. (no stock market or Joint stock company)

    The Historic GroupThe Historic Group2 kuukautta sitten
  • Nice intro.

    aantony2001aantony20012 kuukautta sitten
  • no no no no the supply should be heading upwardssss delete this right focking nowwww

    giannis psilliasgiannis psillias2 kuukautta sitten
  • 3:19 the S and D should be switched, supply goes up with a higher price, demand goes down.

    Credible SalamanderCredible Salamander2 kuukautta sitten
  • Alexander the great did the same.

    SombreSombre2 kuukautta sitten
  • 1:52 I thought that was sol invictus lol.

    درع ماسدرع ماس2 kuukautta sitten
  • And Diocletian has a plan because he is Diocletian and Diocletian always has a plan so don't worry Diocletian will save us because he is Diocletian and Diocletian always has a plan so we don't need to worry oh now he is dead well.... we are going to die

    AsmodeusAsmodeus2 kuukautta sitten
  • Coming up : Matyrs and cabbages Ep5: Great persecution Me :My disappointment is immeasurable and my day is ruined.

  • 7:22 STANDO POWA!!!

    Neil MeehanNeil Meehan2 kuukautta sitten
  • Constantius sounds familiar......

    Justanotherderp :PJustanotherderp :P2 kuukautta sitten
  • RIP Duke 😭

    WorldHubWorldHub2 kuukautta sitten
  • ironic Duke is also the name of my dog.

    jonathan cunninghamjonathan cunningham2 kuukautta sitten
  • 3:31

    Megan WilsonMegan Wilson2 kuukautta sitten
  • Never Spilt The Empire

    Angel GoldheartAngel Goldheart2 kuukautta sitten
  • So, he sort of stumbled upon the idea of federated states. He just gave way too much territory and power to too few people, and didn't have an established enough hierarchy.

    smalltime0smalltime02 kuukautta sitten
  • Diocletian also created the military office called "comes," where we get the word "count." The reformed (Late) Roman Army ultimately replaced the Praetorian Guard with the palatini (who basically did the same job of protecting emperors, imperial palaces, etc). Palatini, meaning "palace troops," is also where we get the word "paladin," used in so many video and rp games.

    Robert FisherRobert Fisher2 kuukautta sitten
  • Next extra history Frederich the great please

    Bruno EvangelistaBruno Evangelista2 kuukautta sitten
  • Learning about this in uni

    Drunken Panda HeadDrunken Panda Head2 kuukautta sitten
  • I just realised he never made episodes about the napoleonic wars

    yasio boloyasio bolo2 kuukautta sitten
  • NZ wary thingy vid plz

    Nerfcraft 01Nerfcraft 012 kuukautta sitten
  • "Everything was going to be okay!" So tune in next week, as the tetarchy falls apart before his eyes.

    asioe kiouasioe kiou2 kuukautta sitten
    • I wonder if the Roman Papacy is just an extended play of the Caesars rule to the modern day?

      asioe kiouasioe kiou2 kuukautta sitten
  • lol remember when rich people paid taxes?

    KnaveMurdokKnaveMurdok2 kuukautta sitten
    • can you do one about the Nuremberg trials and Tokyo trial one day

      asioe kiouasioe kiou2 kuukautta sitten
  • I just realised he never made episodes about the napoleonic wars

    Adrianne MaquirasAdrianne Maquiras2 kuukautta sitten
  • U all sow da history of evrop bat u didnt sow 1 of da gretist empire in the midivle ages da srbijen empire and da gret emipror Dusan make a video of Car Dusan silni (empror Dusan the mighti)

    marko sretenovicmarko sretenovic2 kuukautta sitten
    • "Possibly even doubling the number of bureaucrats" number of bureaucrats on screen triples

      asioe kiouasioe kiou2 kuukautta sitten
  • 1:48 *Bounces threateningly*

    Aidan RogersAidan Rogers2 kuukautta sitten
  • I can't wait for Aurelian.

    Tom WanksTom Wanks2 kuukautta sitten
  • *caesar

    Mephiroth2Mephiroth22 kuukautta sitten
  • Loved the Clown Senate

    André SousaAndré Sousa2 kuukautta sitten
  • a very fun episode full of terms I knew but never knew the origins of till now

    TheCreepyproTheCreepypro2 kuukautta sitten
  • They actually FOUND the missing foot from the Tetrarchy statue in Turkey a few years back. Unsurprisingly they're not handing it over to Venice though.

    nil boggnil bogg2 kuukautta sitten
  • 4:10 all I got from that was: “There’s a Tax for that,”

    Vaughn JohnsonVaughn Johnson2 kuukautta sitten
  • Given that it covers persecutions, I hope the next episode touches on Catherine of Alexandria, who defied Maximian to his face and out-argued the massive team of scholars and lawyers he sent against her, despite being only about 17-19 (additionally, at a time when women were treated as second-class citizens, the fact that she beat them all is doubly impressive because it meant that all her arguments had to be doubly persuasive to overcome the bias). Andrew Stratelates, the Christian general that Diocletian had slaughtered along with about 2000 soldiers just for being Christians (despite their glorious and loyal service to Rome) would also be a fascinating figure to cover, at least in passing.

    Michael KosmalaMichael Kosmala2 kuukautta sitten
  • extra history: but it was his tax reforms were succsessfull ad: working on a project? me: UHHHHHHHHHHH

    Zachary PiersonZachary Pierson2 kuukautta sitten
  • narrator voice is kinda annoying. makes it a bit harder to focus on

    Burakcan DuzcanBurakcan Duzcan2 kuukautta sitten
  • can you do one about the Nuremberg trials and Tokyo trial one day

    Kadin PeltonKadin Pelton2 kuukautta sitten
  • I wonder if the Roman Papacy is just an extended play of the Caesars rule to the modern day?

    Noosa21Noosa212 kuukautta sitten
  • They spelt Caesar wrong

    Roman Empire and fifaRoman Empire and fifa2 kuukautta sitten
  • I meant to say the Four rullers fight each other in another civil war

    Christian Holm DallChristian Holm Dall2 kuukautta sitten
  • May i gus’s, the Four rullers fhigt Rachel other, in another civil war?

    Christian Holm DallChristian Holm Dall2 kuukautta sitten
  • How is any war or assassination sexy????

    MSGaddictsMSGaddicts2 kuukautta sitten
  • And were those same reforms that made the citizens of Rome realise that there was no advantage of being a Roman, because he made bureaucracy a nightmare, and the corrupt Patricians still ruled not matter if was in Rome or in other place, let not forget that Rome used at the time mercenary armies, the German treat that you mention before, the Western Roman Empire worry even less and less in paying them making them really angry, specially the Goths that ended sacking Rome.

    Keyser94Keyser942 kuukautta sitten
  • Never knew Stanley Kubrick was a Roman emperor. What a guy!

    GorboducGorboduc2 kuukautta sitten
  • its more like sad story of rome empire .... its sad because the big rome empire divided because of greed .... dammit 7 deadly sin

    God UnknownGod Unknown2 kuukautta sitten
  • This is why my mom always taught me that if you there's a situation where 911 should be called, call it. "It's better for the police to get two reports of a robbery then just assuming, someone else will do it and no one actually calling."

    Catherine PaciCatherine Paci2 kuukautta sitten
  • "Possibly even doubling the number of bureaucrats" *number of bureaucrats on screen triples*

    Joe SchmoeJoe Schmoe2 kuukautta sitten
  • Why it sounds like Pachacutec..... Saludos from Peru :)

    Gianfranco SeguraGianfranco Segura2 kuukautta sitten
  • Do an episode on avignon papacy i think it would be a great video

    Bryce JonesBryce Jones2 kuukautta sitten
  • How can you make a statement like "they didn't understand the concept of supply and demand", when trade routes existed before the Romans?

    bobimusbobimus2 kuukautta sitten
  • Do a series of Marcus Aurelius !!!!

    Ram VenkateshRam Venkatesh2 kuukautta sitten
  • "ceaser?"

    99batran99batran2 kuukautta sitten
  • With the amount of internal and external problems Rome is facing, it seems like they're trying to emulate china.

    אריהאריה2 kuukautta sitten

    W.D. Gaster Smith-USMCW.D. Gaster Smith-USMC2 kuukautta sitten
  • Love your videos I have been watching your videos since the punic wars

    SCHOOL KCSCHOOL KC2 kuukautta sitten
  • Why a duc? Why a no chicken?

    Samira PeriSamira Peri2 kuukautta sitten
  • It’s always really shocking to me how long it took for us to understand even basic principles of economics.

    Leafseason MagbagLeafseason Magbag2 kuukautta sitten
    • What's always shocking to me is how some people may be convinced that our current society shows any understanding of economics... (Spoiler alert : the orthodox economic theories backing up most politics nowadays have been repeatedly shown to be highly biased... and "surprisingly" allways in ways that enable and justify politics that favour the rich...)

      912silver912silver2 kuukautta sitten
  • Maximian was useless and the only reason he was made Augustus was to save Gaul from Maximian's incompetence by allowing Constantius to deal with it

    L.J BoylanL.J Boylan2 kuukautta sitten
  • Why can't I hold all these phalanxes?

    AubriGryphonAubriGryphon2 kuukautta sitten
  • make about boudicca

    OK kOK k2 kuukautta sitten
  • Rome is whole again... Then it broke again...

    TanethTaneth2 kuukautta sitten
  • It would be awesome if you would explore a bit of the winter war. A soviet failiure

    Dalek ManDalek Man2 kuukautta sitten
  • "Aww, miss you buddy" that hits hard. Idk why.

    Orion EarsOrion Ears2 kuukautta sitten
  • Fun fact: “Caesar” apparently was pronounced more like “Kaiser” xD

    Cewkaurai Zok'AerrusCewkaurai Zok'Aerrus2 kuukautta sitten
    • I dunno what's up with English people not being able to read ANY foreign name, thinking C is a "see" and stuff.

      Kasumi RinaKasumi RinaUukausi sitten
  • Well they upgraded the map a bit, there are still mistakes in it, but maybe the Roman Empire map will be following this trensd fully accurate at the end of this series

    JasonDoe1000JasonDoe10002 kuukautta sitten
  • In addition to the “Dux”, the byzantines has a title called “the Megadux”. Just thought that was funny.

    Perkle the TorkoalPerkle the Torkoal2 kuukautta sitten
    • Luckily they cancelled the "Superduperdux"....not really glamourous, this title...

      TOFKAS01TOFKAS012 kuukautta sitten
  • Extra History: "Byzantine Empire fell in 1453" Everyone in 15th century: "Byz-a-what now? Did you mean Eastern Roman Empire?"

    Igor TereshchenkoIgor Tereshchenko2 kuukautta sitten
  • "Administration and tax reform aren't as sexy as assasination" my ass - Why do you think we are even here?

    Глеб ЧерепановГлеб Черепанов2 kuukautta sitten
  • No joke episodes like this about civics and policies are a thousand times more interesting than yet another episode about a historic battle and army leader. Thanks for this episode!

    WarpedEyeWarpedEye2 kuukautta sitten
  • The new tax system worked because the tax being open for public views so people would see who didn't pay their taxes? How interesting, if only something like that would be made in the modern day, right?????

    Ayane RanmaAyane Ranma2 kuukautta sitten
  • That opening paragraph though

    Unknown SlothoiseUnknown Slothoise2 kuukautta sitten
  • How to solve a succession crisis? Democracy. Yes, sometimes a solution can be described in just one word. No complex governance needed, no big thinks, nothing controversial. Just get people _to vote right._ Now that's the complex and controversial part.

    BidmartinloBidmartinlo2 kuukautta sitten
  • Always two there are: no more, no less. An Augustus and a Caesar.

    TheOtherNeutrinoTheOtherNeutrino2 kuukautta sitten
    • Sith, months, salads... what's the difference, really?

      AlexEvanScottAlexEvanScott2 kuukautta sitten
  • "Diocletian created a local military rank, called a Duck" Quack

    TNTimothy RoditiTNTimothy Roditi2 kuukautta sitten
  • If you need a culture credit, I recommend looking into a course about Rome. I took one this past semester and am happy I did, besides the lecture being at 8am. It’s great to see covered material in these videos :D

    Marcos BuslonMarcos Buslon2 kuukautta sitten
  • 07:47, 08:38 This is a great video and I love your guys' work but I think you misspelled Caesar...

    Jon WilligJon Willig2 kuukautta sitten
  • Assassination and civil war are BAD?? Whatchu talkin’ ‘bout Willis? This is news to me and I’m not ready to just openly accept this radical new view of the world. Who doesn’t love a good mass stabbing ‘round mid-March?

    Amber SwaffordAmber Swafford2 kuukautta sitten
  • I use Diocletian's edict on maximum prices as a guide for prices in my D&D games

    Natasha TaylorNatasha Taylor2 kuukautta sitten
  • 1:53 2020 in a nutshell.

    diapason89diapason892 kuukautta sitten
  • “But wait, there’s more!” - Billy Mays

    Steven ManningSteven Manning2 kuukautta sitten
  • Been waiting

    DuckyFarazDuckyFaraz2 kuukautta sitten
  • Duke was a good boi!

    Amiya VatsaAmiya Vatsa2 kuukautta sitten
  • The Church, however, flipped Diocletian's system. Dioceses are organised into Provinces, rather than provinces into dioceses.

    Jovan WeismillerJovan Weismiller2 kuukautta sitten
  • Um, dux (pronounce dooks, not dook) just means leader and was a word used well before Diocletian. (the actual stem of dux is duc- though (pronounced dook) which bears a better resemblance to duke, and would have been used and seen more frequently than dux because dux is just used for the nominative singular, whereas duc- would be used in all the other forms)

    Keenan HorriganKeenan Horrigan2 kuukautta sitten
  • Kind of still hard to believe a year ago that they put up the most hated video one their channel, just saying

    Karalius 71Karalius 712 kuukautta sitten
  • Nobody is gonna talk about the awesome intro? OK then.

    الزمركلالزمركل2 kuukautta sitten
  • hey, the Venetian government should probably give those statues back.

    Patrick ZyskPatrick Zysk2 kuukautta sitten
  • You should probably work on your reading of Latin... Especially with "duck"

    Patryk RysPatryk Rys2 kuukautta sitten
  • superheroine

    Phil HandelPhil Handel2 kuukautta sitten